Shortage of STEM students spurs talent drought
The ministry of Training has designated a amount of science-dependent sectors as ‘national critical fields’ to enable remedy the labor shortage
By Huang Ching-hsuan
and Liu Tzu-hsuan / Personnel reporter, with team writer
The semiconductor market is struggling with a talent lack as the proportion of university pupils majoring in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields has been declining, a report by the Legislative Yuan stated.
Subjects in STEM fields include daily life science, environmental science, physical chemistry, earth science, mathematics, details and communication technological know-how, engineering, manufacturing and processing, as perfectly as setting up and building engineering, the Ministry of Schooling explained.
The proportion of STEM pupils in schools and universities, as nicely as STEM graduates in modern decades are considerably lessen than individuals in 1991, the report geared up by the legislature’s Spending budget Middle reported.
Photograph: Ann Wang, Reuters
The quantity of doctoral, master’s and undergraduate college students finding out in STEM fields dropped by 17.15 % from 2012 to 2021, and the amount of graduates fell by 21.31 per cent from 2011 to 2020, the report mentioned.
The number of doctoral students in STEM fields declined by 26.34 percent from 2012 to 2021 and the number of doctorate holders diminished by 23.63 % from 2011 to 2020, it claimed.
The proportion of doctoral, master’s and undergraduate learners in STEM fields among total pupils from 2012 to 2021 dropped by 8.9, 1.51 and 1.77 percentage points respectively from 2011 to 2020, it claimed.
In response to the talent scarcity in STEM fields, the ministry has specified semiconductor, synthetic intelligence, sensible production, circular financial state and finance sectors as “national vital fields,” it claimed.
The ministry permitted 10 analysis institutes in these fields established up by nine universities as of the close of July last 12 months, it stated.
National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Countrywide Cheng Kung College, Nationwide Tsing Hua College and Nationwide Taiwan University have proven semiconductor analysis institutes, it stated.
National Solar Yat-sen College has founded semiconductor and finance exploration institutes Countrywide Taiwan College of Science and Technological know-how has proven artificial intelligence and sensible manufacturing investigate institutes National Chung Hsing University has set up a circular overall economy exploration institute and Nationwide Taipei University of Technological know-how has set up an synthetic intelligence exploration institute, it additional.
As these institutes are in preliminary stages, the performance stays to be noticed, it said.
Expertise shortages in the semiconductor business have been growing, it explained, citing white papers on expertise in the semiconductor industry introduced by 104 Occupation Lender.
Exploration and progress engineers are the most vital roles corporations that are undergoing transformation search for to fill, it mentioned.
On the other hand, a lack of college students and graduates, specifically at the doctorate degree, in the STEM fields could exacerbate the shortages, it included.
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